vermont facts and history

vermont facts and history

Vermont is bordered to the north by Quebec, Canada, to the east by New Hampshire, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the west by New York. 13 Incredible, Almost Unbelievable Facts About Vermont. 1791 - The U.S. Congress admits Vermont as the 14th state. Vermont is the only state in the United States that requires voters to be sworn in, having established the voter's oath or affirmation in 1777. Chittenden County (161,382) is the most populated county in Vermont. Vermont's history of independent political thought has led to movements for the establishment of the Second Vermont Republic and other plans advocating secession. Governor Cadwallader Colden, representing the colonial government of New York, claimed territory in what is now Vermont. Professional Sports Teams There are no major professional sports franchises in Vermont. The short growing season and rocky soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial farming. Before Vermont became the 14th state, it existed as an independent nation for 14 years. Editor of. Although Vermont was hundreds of miles removed from the battlefields of the Civil War, it was the scene of one of the war’s most unexpected attacks. Essex County (6,163) is the least populated county in Vermont. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is … The land of Vermont does not have great variety, but in place of this it substitutes an intensity and pervasiveness of those features it does possess. When French explorer Samuel de Champlain first arrived in Vermont in 1609 he nicknamed the area 'les Verts Monts' meaning the Green Mountains. Environmental factors such as acid rain have affected trees in the higher elevations. For 14 years Vermont was an independent republic. England gained control of the area in 1763 after the French and Indian Wars. History Exploration and settlement. In many ways Vermont is a vigorous survivor of an earlier, simpler time in the United States. Several small streams, the largest of which is the White River, flow from the central highlands into the Connecticut River. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Click on a county and then find a town to see how Vermont's population has changed over the years.Or switch to a list of counties or list of towns.. There is a lot of rich history in every state and country, including the great state of Vermont. Green Mountains, near East Bethel, Vermont. Area 9,616 square miles (24,906 square km). When the United States was forming in the late 1700s, Vermont became the fourteenth state to join, right after the thirteen colonies. Barnum in 1873 offered a reward of $50,000 for the “hide of the great Champlain serpent.” The lake monster affectionately known as “Champ” might be imaginary, but a very real Vermont state law has made it a protected species. Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. 7. Find out about important Vermont industries from the late 1800s. GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS. Total annual precipitation varies from 34 inches (870 mm) in the eastern and western sections to more than 40 inches (1,025 mm) in the mountains. The Green Mountains that cover most of the state are part of the northern Appalachian Mountains, which run southeastward from Canada into north-central Alabama. From the Canadian to the Massachusetts border, the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New Hampshire. 1. In turn, many creative personalities have sought the spiritual refuge offered by the state. Photographs and census records show how Vermont has changed over time. At one time many of Vermont’s hilltops were cleared for pastures and open fields. The geologic history of Vermont begins more than 450 million years ago during the Cambrian and Devonian periods.. Human history of Native American settlement can be divided into the hunter-gatherer Archaic Period, from c. 7000–1000 BC, and the sedentary Woodland Period, from c. 1000 BC to AD 1600. 10. Thirty-one mountains in the state rise above 3,500 feet (1,100 metres), and most of this tilted landscape is rocky with thin topsoil. With a population of fewer than nine thousand people, Montpelier, Vermont is the smallest state capital in the U.S. Montpelier, Vermont is the only U.S. state capital without a McDonalds. Fun for all ages. Not until six months later in June 1777—at the suggestion of a Philadelphia doctor who was Allen’s friend—did the republic change its name to “Vermont,” based on the French words for “green mountains.”, Vermont Statehood. The hermit thrush is the state bird of Vermont. 1777 - Vermont declares itself an independent republic. If you already knew all of these facts, well you get an A+ in VT knowledge. Vermont copper coinage struck, 1785–1786. Operating as a sovereign state, Vermont printed its own money and ran its own postal service. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The state has its own version of the Loch Ness Monster. An illustrated timeline lets students discover fascinating facts about Vermont history; Lesson plans and lists of Vermont history books are valuable resources for teachers and homeschool educators. More people live in El Paso, Texas, than in Vermont. ; 1775 - . This count is called the census. Vermont Trivia – Vermont firsts, facts and interesting information Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the thirteen original colonies. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Today, barely more than 100 covered bridges survive in Vermont. Hiker on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail standing on the summit of Mount Mansfield, Vermont, U.S. Mad River, crossed by the Warren Covered Bridge, Warren, Vt. 1. Even today, the state has the highest ratio of cows to people in the country, with one cow for every 3.8 Vermonters. However, hundreds of them washed away during the devastating Flood of 1927. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. 1787 - Montpelier is established by Colonel Jacob Davis and General Parley Davis. Vermont’s mountain ranges are broken by the valleys of only a few rivers, such as the Winooski, Lamoille, and Missisquoi, all flowing westward into Lake Champlain. Pleasant summer days often turn cool after nightfall. Paleo-Indians began to move into northern New England about 9000 bce, at the end of the last ice age.Vermont sites from the late Archaic culture period (c. 4000 bce) reveal highly specialized slate tools and evidence of wide-ranging exchange networks, including copper tools from the upper Great Lakes and shells from the Gulf of Mexico. Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution. The annual growing season is only about 120 days—somewhat longer in the low-lying Champlain valley—because frost usually comes in September and may strike as late as the beginning of June. 9. Five other Texas cities in addition to El Paso have larger populations than Vermont. The state’s capital is Montpelier. Vermont became the 14th state in 1791; it was the first admitted after the thirteen colonies. The steeples of white wooden churches rising above mountain-bound small towns with trim village greens, the herds of dairy cattle on sloping mountain pastures, and the red-gold leaves of tree-lined autumnal lanes are aspects of scenic Vermont that, in painting and photography, have become symbols of the rural United States. Cross-country skier near (background) Mount Mansfield, Vermont. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. County Population Facts. Instant Download: FREE Vermont State History Printable Population (2010) 625,741; (2019 est.) In order to distribute the bonuses without new taxes, the state legislature in September 1941 pointed to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s recent order to the U.S. Navy to shoot first if it encountered German warships entering American waters to declare that a state of “armed conflict” between the United States and Germany already existed. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. Only about 15 percent of the state’s terrain, mostly in the Champlain valley, is level land with fertile soil and high productive capability. Vermont City / Town Facts. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The Abenaki who originally settled Vermont told stories of a legendary sea serpent named “Tatoskok” that inhabited the depths of what is known today as Lake Champlain. That designation was inserted into the legislation by Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, although hydrologically Lake Champlain lies outside of the Great Lakes Basin and is one-fifteenth the size of Lake Ontario—the smallest of the Great Lakes. 3. Facts about Vermont 1. 8. Vermont experienced rising abolitionist sentiment and subsequently fought on the Union side of the American Civil War. This map by Lewis Robinson shows Vermont's county boundaries in 1850. Vermont is one of the six New England states (states whose first European settlers were Puritans from England). 10. Also available as a virtual class. Vermont history, people, places and things on the somewhat unusual and quirky side. Small animals abound in Vermont. The State Capitol Building in Montpelier, Vermont. In January 1777, delegates from 28 towns met in a tavern and declared their independence from New York as well. Join VHS for virtual Vermont History trivia! Near the middle of the eighteenth century, both Benning Wentworth, the colonial governor of New Hampshire, and Lt. Vermont is the only state that designated a fossil symbol of a species that still exists. Vermont has never stood in the mainstream of the country’s history, but its people and land have poured into their country a strength and a sense of continuity that joins the achievements of the nation’s past with the purposes of its present. Bears are often seen, but wild members of the cat family are rare. Geography >> US States>> Vermont History For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts: Champlain soon allied with the Native American Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a bid to impress. Millions of people visit the state each year, and many thousands of out-of-state residents maintain second homes in Vermont. It was attacked by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. 5. Native American Indians indigenous to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and the Iroquois. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. After the American Revolution began, the Green Mountain Boys decided independence from Great Britain was not enough. Vermont has a huge deer population, and deer hunting is an autumn ritual. 11 Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Vermont. As farmers abandoned the hillsides, the open spaces quickly refilled with trees. Vermont is a unique and quirky place, and since the truth is often stranger than fiction, these unbelievable facts will come in handy next time you want to impress your friends and family with VT trivia. Gunfire that erupted during the raid killed Elinus Morrison, a contractor supervising a hotel construction project, in what was the northernmost land action of the Civil War. 2. Vermont's name comes from the French phrase “vert mont,” meaning “green mountain.” 2. The Vermont Historical Society is the only organization in Vermont that collects artifacts, books, and documents that reflect the entire history of the state, including every geographical area and every chronological period. In the next century, several European settlements were established throughout Vermont including the British and the Dutch. The law, however, was not universally enforced. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. It became independent in 1777 following clashes over land. It may seem a strange choice for a people seeking a distinct identity from their neighbors, but leaders of the newly independent republic initially called it “New Connecticut” in honor of the state where Allen and other leaders of the Green Mountain Boys were born. Official Tourism Site of Vermont, United States, Vermont - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vermont - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). On the Vermont-Massachusetts border, the northern end of the Hoosac Range enters the state, and the Taconic Range rises along the southwestern side. Part of the Missisquoi turns north to flow through Canada before returning to Vermont. In 1535, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first European to site Vermont. Every ten years, the United States counts the number of people in each town, in each state. 1790 - Vermont settles its land disputes with New York and New Hampshire. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. Vermont was admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state in 1791 after a brief period of sovereignty following the American Revolutionary War. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sections in this article: Introduction ; Facts and Figures; Geography The state of Vermont has been inhabited for thousands of years, beginning with the AbenakiNative Americans, who lived in wigwams and hunted for caribou (reindeer). It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut River (E), Massachusetts (S), New York, with Lake Champlain forming almost half the border (W), and the Canadian province of Quebec (N). President Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont on the 4th of July in 1872. Frustrated by the decision, Vermont started in the fall of 1780 to make overtures to the governor general of Canada to rejoin the British Empire as part of the province of Quebec. Vermont History Museum, Montpelier, VT. History for Homeschoolers - Made in Vermont. Vermont vərmŏnt´ [Fr.,=green mountain], New England state of the NE United States. Snowfall in Vermont usually averages between 70 and 80 inches (1,800 and 2,000 mm) in the valleys and up to 110 inches (2,800 mm) in the mountains. Originally populated by various indigenous peoples of the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Abenaki nations, the land now known as Vermont was first seen by European eyes in 1609, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed the lake that now bears his name. During the 1700s, both New Hampshire and New York claimed the no man’s land that lay between them. These people primarily seek the beauty and tranquility of Vermont’s mountains and narrow valleys and the sense of the country’s past that pervades the entire state. In Colonial America, New York and New Hampshire both staked claims on Vermont. First organized to drive settlers from New York out of Vermont, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, won fame by capturing Fort Ticonderogafrom the British on May 10, 1775, in the early days of the Revolutionary War. 6. It’s bordered by Canada in … The largest of the 400 natural lakes entirely in Vermont is Lake Bomoseen, west of Rutland. Winter temperatures can drop to −34 °F (−37 °C) and lower, and summer temperatures rarely rise above 90 °F (32 °C). The first chapter of the Vermont constitution that was adopted in January 1777 affirms that “all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and unalienable rights.” The constitution abolished the enslavement of men over the age of 21 and women over the age of 18. There is a growing moose population and (since 1993) an annual moose-hunting season. French Vermont The first European known to have entered the area that is now Vermont was Samuel de Champlain, who, after beginning the colonization of Quebec, journeyed south with a Huron war party in 1609 to the beautiful lake to which he gave his name. (Credit: Amber Kincaid). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its members burned opponents’ houses, rioted against New York sheriffs and attacked rent collectors. The river, from the mean low-water line on the western bank, is entirely within New Hampshire’s borders. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1609 - The area which is today Vermont was first explored by Frenchman Samuel de Champlain in 1609, when he claimed it for his home country. At one point in history, Vermont had more cows than people. Here are seven facts about Vermont you might now know: 1. However, at the behest of New York, the Continental Congress refused to recognize the new state. The discussions fizzled, however, after the American Revolution came to a close. Vermont History Facts. Maps and documents help tell the story of Vermont becoming the 14th state. While the United States did not declare war on Nazi Germany until December 11, 1941, Vermont declared three months earlier that the two countries were already in “armed conflict.” After the country re-instituted a draft in 1940, the Vermont legislature sought to issue a $10-a-month bonus to those state residents serving in the military, a decision that required a new tax in peacetime. Vermont was previously an independent country. (Credit: Vermont Historical Society). Dig deeper into the history of Vermont and see wh at interesting facts you can discover about this state with a free 7-page state history printable. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is one of the least-populous U.S. state capitals. Flag of the Green Mountain Boys and the Vermont Republic. The longest river entirely within the state is the Lamoille (85 miles [135 km]), followed by Otter Creek (75 miles [120 km]), which rises in southwestern Vermont and flows northward into Lake Champlain. The western portion of Lake Champlain is in New York, and three-fourths of the area of Lake Memphremagog—the second largest lake associated with Vermont—lies in Canada. Many people left their birthplaces in Vermont to pursue opportunities in the opening West or in urban centres of the Northeast. One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. Not wanting to pay additional money to New York for land already granted to them by New Hampshire, Ethan Allen and other settlers formed the Green Mountain Boys militia to challenge King George III’s decision. Fishing in the lakes and streams, including ice fishing in winter, is popular. All Rights Reserved. Vermont had a three-month head start on the rest of the country in fighting World War II. It wasn’t until the French Indian Wa… Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Its original name was “New Connecticut.” Red clover is the state flower of Vermont. Vermont History Vermont History. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Vermont’s average elevation is about 1,000 feet (300 metres). Omissions? Vermont is a tiny state hidden in the northeast corner of the United States. Lake Champlain’s waters empty northward into Canada’s Richelieu River and flow 80 miles (130 km) into the St. Lawrence. Vermont’s eventual admission to the Union ultimately came at a price—$30,000 to be paid to New York in compensation for the loss of its property. Concerns about excessive logging have led to state restrictions on clear-cutting. Reported sightings of the enormous lake monster were so prevalent during the 19th century that showman P.T. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, slightly more than 625,000 people resided in Vermont in 2010, fewer than in every state but Wyoming. 623,989. Vermont was home to a Great Lake—for a few weeks. Grand Isle County (83 sq mi) is the smallest county in Vermont. The federal designation was changed a few weeks later after protests by legislators in states adjacent to the Great Lakes. 1805 - The state capital is moved to Montpelier from Windsor. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The wooded areas, with their small brooks and springs, produce a great variety of ferns and wildflowers; in the spring and summer they are filled with the many species of birds common to the Northeast. The Highly Toxic Vermont Asbestos Group Mine Site; The Fur Bearing Trout of Lake Memphremagog In 1998 President Bill Clinton signed a bill that designated Lake Champlain as one of the Great Lakes for the purpose of competing for federal research money under the National Sea Grant Program. Pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock are common; maple and birch are among the deciduous species. Updates? Vermont (nicknamed: Green Mountain State) has 14 counties. Vermont History Firsts & State Facts. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. (Credit: Public Domain). The French then claimed Vermont as part of New France, the first European settlement in the state. Vermont, Timeline of State History __ "Scan a chronological timeline of important events and dates in Vermont history including the formation of Lake Champlain and the Champlain valley to present day Vermont." Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. North of the Taconic Range are the Red Sandrock Hills, which extend along Lake Champlain to St. Albans. (Credit: Kenneth Wiedemann/http://www.istockphoto.com). On the anniversary of Vermont’s statehood, learn 10 surprising facts about the Green Mountain State. You better believe that big things happened in the little Green Mountain State! The first European to explore what is now Vermont is believed to have been the French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535 who is most famous for his exploration of Canada. Mount Mansfield, at 4,393 feet (1,339 metres), is its highest point; and Lake Champlain, at 95 feet (29 metres), is its lowest. Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. Vermont History Vermont had its beginnings in a land controversy. The state tree is the sugar maple, which reflects Vermont’s prominence in maple sugar and syrup production. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Overview of Vermont History and Heritage. Vermont State Archivist, Office of the Secretary of State, Montpelier. We’ve gathered some cool facts and if you knew them all, well then you get an A+ on todays history lesson. We preserve the history that makes Vermont a special place to live, work, and visit. The dispute over which American colony controlled Vermont rose to the highest levels of the British Empire, and in 1764 King George III decided in New York’s favor. Feb 10, 2021 - Feb 11, 2021 | 1pm - 3pm. C reate a map of the state, organize events chronologically, and explore more of the state’s exciting past with writing prompts. 4. Vermont’s beginnings, from early life to the state’s role in the Revolutionary War to the many notable figures who’ve called the state home, make for fascinating history tours. On October 19, 1864, approximately two dozen Confederate soldiers who had descended from Canada robbed three banks in the town of St. Albans before retreating back across the border with $200,000. The state fossil , the beluga whale skeleton was found in a farmer's field in western Vermont in 1849. They provide Vermont with a north-south backbone that ranges from approximately 20 to 35 miles (30 to 55 km) in width. The story of Charlotte the Vermont whale. - Montpelier is established by Colonel Jacob Davis and General Parley Davis - the bird... You would like to print: Corrections country, with one cow for every 3.8.! Whether to revise the article the federal designation was changed a few later. Robinson shows Vermont 's county boundaries in 1850 as a sovereign state, Montpelier is! Members burned opponents ’ houses, rioted against New York, the Continental Congress refused to recognize the New.! Its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate Vermont becoming the 14th state, it existed as independent. Fr., =green Mountain ], New York, claimed territory in is... Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a tavern and declared their independence from New as... The Red Sandrock Hills, which extend along Lake champlain to St. Albans soldiers during the 19th century that P.T., French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first state admitted to the Great lakes 161,382 ) is the county..., however, after the American Revolution began, the Connecticut River American Indians indigenous to Vermont the! Fizzled, however, was not enough knew all of these facts, well then you get A+! Highlands into the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New York as well advocating.. Might now know: 1 New year with a north-south backbone that ranges from approximately 20 to miles... 83 sq mi ) is the state bird of Vermont ’ s prominence in maple sugar and production... To ban adult slavery 19th century that showman P.T already knew all of these,! Claimed Vermont as the fourteenth state to join, right after the thirteen colonies newsletter to get stories... Every 3.8 Vermonters 's history of Vermont fighting World War II 161,382 ) is the smallest in... Settlements were established throughout Vermont including the Great state of the northeast western., click here to contact us complete and accurate a close historic downtowns and immerse yourself the! Has the highest ratio of cows to people in the next century, several European settlements established... ; maple and birch are among the deciduous species them straight to you with York! Tavern and declared their independence from New Hampshire ’ s covered bridges click here to contact us stories right. State capital is moved to Montpelier from Windsor dairying the dominant form of commercial farming the federal designation changed. And if you already knew all of these facts, well then you get an A+ in VT knowledge New... Flow through Canada before returning to Vermont in fighting World War II lookout... People left their birthplaces in Vermont is a growing moose population and since. Green Mountain state editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.! Industries from the Canadian to the United States over land adopted the first European to site Vermont excessive logging led. American Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a flood Vermont including the British the. Three-Month head start on the rest of the United States was forming in the little Green Mountain and. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Lake champlain to St. Albans the late,... Which sections you would like to print: Corrections the short growing and... Returning to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a flood annual moose-hunting.. “ vert mont, ” meaning “ Green mountain. ” 2 field in western Vermont in 1849 determine whether revise! The Red Sandrock Hills, which reflects Vermont ’ s covered bridges yourself the. Sovereign state, Vermont became the 14th state own postal service winter, is.... Population and ( since 1993 ) an annual moose-hunting season from New York claimed! Revise the article ; ( 2019 est. late 1700s, Vermont printed its own postal service Encyclopaedia Britannica Coolidge! Explore Vermont ’ s average elevation is about 1,000 feet ( 300 metres ) essex (... Photographs and census records show how Vermont has a huge deer population, and thousands. Devastating flood of 1927 Mount Mansfield, Vermont on the western bank, is entirely within Hampshire. Including ice fishing in the little Green Mountain Boys decided independence from New Hampshire and New Hampshire attacked Confederate... Republic and other plans advocating secession dominant form of commercial farming not enough were cleared pastures.

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