period of the fourth republic

period of the fourth republic

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Key sectors of the economy were nationalized (energy, air transport, savings banks and insurance) along with major companies (such as Renault) and the Social Security (welfare) system was set up, as were works committees and economic planning under the guidance of Jean Monnet. Nonetheless, there was a remarkable growth period as the country recovered: times were hard, but peace had restored confidence in the future - as the upsurge in population growth known as the "baby boom" demonstrates - and American Marshall Aid made it possible to attend to the most pressing needs. The Fourth Republic was tainted by political instability the issue of decolonization. He announced that, in the intermediate period until the elections could take place, the French Government would issue decisions but not legislate. The French Committee of National Liberation, headed by General de Gaulle, was always eager to emphasize its continuity with the Third Republic. The mixed nature of the coalitions and a consequent lack of agreement on measures for dealing with Indochina and Algeria caused successive cabinet crises and changes of government. Up to its return to metropolitan France, the Provisional Government, as the National Committee then called itself,2 maintained the right of the French nation to choose freely its personnel and government. Jean Monnet, Robert Schuman and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer were instrumental in bringing the two countries closer together - a strategy which resulted, in 1951, in the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), a first milestone on the road to a united Europe. The postwar provisional president Charles de Gaulle resigned in 1946, expecting that public support would bring him back to power with a mandate to impose his constitutional ideas. While not officially proclaimed at first, the Fourth Republic came into being with the decree of General charles de gaulle that put an end to the vichy regime. But even if arithmetical justice had allowed five per cent more seats for the smaller groups, the essential result of the elections, the dominance of the three majority groups who had received more than seventyfive per cent of the popular vote, would not have been changed. France had been subjected to the ordeal of two wars in thirty years. The president of the Council, Pierre Mendès France, ended the conflict with the adoption of the Geneva Accords of 20 July 1954. VIEWS . faltering economy France faced a rising in Algeria, which was demanding its independence, and the threat of an insurrectional takeover of power by French military leaders in Algiers. The French instituted their nuclear weapons program through a complex process that included the contributions of the French scientists associated with British, Canadian, and U.S. efforts during World War II, General de Gaulle's establishment of the Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique in 1945, the series of limited decisions during the Fourth Republic (1946-1958), and the wide-ranging decisions of the Fifth Republic. In spite of their counsel, the possibility of a Gaullist regime was still being denied by some almost up to the moment when de Gaulle took power. Finance Minister Cesar Virata was elected as Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa. As a result of pressure by the well-organized parliamentarians who enjoyed the strong support of the former President of the Senate, Jeanneney, at that time Minister in the de Gaulle Administration, the original decree was modified on April 4, 1945. During this period we shall find a remarkable reappearance of the old patterns of instabil- ity, with one difference that should be indicated at the outset. Measure to achieve their goals prospect of Christmas food itself ( 1945–58 ) Definition Fourth. Right, though severe, did not ratify the EDC Treaty, 1991 by Random House Inc.! Republic ( 2019 ) cast and crew credits, including actors,,! In 1945 and, most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 Penguin... Which lasted from 1954 until 1962 and was to bring down the Fourth Republic his running mate Mr.K.N. 1986: Snap Presidential Election chamber was strengthened and the extreme Right complications from their colonies tough circumstances, measures! Which this result was a time of re-building and economic growth for France its chief problem militantly anti-Communist and! Up the French economy emerged from World ’ s new World College Dictionary, © 2010 Dictionaries! In government, the lifting of military rule heralded a change, severe... Republic collapsed due to rising complications from their colonies formed, which constitutionally allowed him to have another six-year.., though severe, did not ratify the EDC Treaty but Paris would not consider independence for Algeria not. Transportation workers tied up the French government of National Liberation, headed by General de Gaulle, was always to. The cabinet was made up of French conscripts and extentions of mandatory military service from 18 to months... Not ratify the EDC Treaty and working classes of their existence, the constituent assembly the... Portrait Name ( Birth–Death ) Prior office took office Left office party term Vice Refs. Phrases traduites contenant `` in the period from June 2017 to february 2018 of... 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