how to install stair treads and risers

how to install stair treads and risers

You might! As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Nope! Nail a riser on each upright face of the stringers – all the way down. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Measure from the rear of the step run, against the stringer, forward to the front edge of the stringer, plywood base or old tread. The stringers can either be cut to the shape of each step, or in some cases are uncut and conceal the edges of the treads. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Here’s a cost breakdown: Was it cheap? Determine the length of each riser, again holding a board against one edge and using it as a middle marker if the stairs lacks risers. Install, one at a time, in the proper position according to the numbering. Here’s a cost breakdown: Stair Tread and Riser Kit. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. Your local building code has exact specifications governing risers, treads and other stairway elements. Install the 1st riser with the cut edge up and the factory edge against the stair tread. Find the depth of each tread, from heel to toe, properly called the stair run. If you’re going to do a painted riser vs. exposed wood – you can just buy the tread and use a cheaper material for the riser. Make a second heading on your measurement list and mark it "Risers." Making the treads bigger will not change the angle of the steps. Your email address will not be published. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Run the tape measure from the edge of the stair, against the wall, across to a point in the middle of the tread. A handyman or carpenter cuts extra pieces of your home’s flooring to fit the stairs. Pick whichever configuration you wish, but for 5/4 treads, stringers need to be spaced no more than 12 in. Glue and nail the riser in place. There was no room to fit the drill to screw in these pieces. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Now, for the very top riser on our stairs leading to the main floor, and the very bottom stair tread going into the basement, we had to nail them. Order the risers and treads, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience and ease. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. Nope! Standard tread depth is 11½" deep with a 1" x 1" bullnose to allow the tread to fit on most all 10" run stair cases with no alterations having to be made to the tread depth. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Some like to cut and install as they go, whereas others may want to cut and measure each riser and stair, leaving the installation at the end of it all. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Next, do a little dance on each stair tread in search of squeaks. Common deck-stair tread configurations include two pieces of 5/4×6 or 2×6 lumber, three pieces of 5/4×4 or 2×4 lumber, or a single piece of 2×12 lumber. Fitting the Stair Tread: a. Tarkett Angle Fit Stair Treads must be trimmed to proper size and dry laid prior to the application of adhesive. Cover nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the stairs are ready to use -- generally at least 24 hours. No Space for a Mudroom? Find each tread separately to ensure a precise fit. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Since the riser is installed after the tread, the riser is actually reduced by the thickness of the tread material. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. Dry-fit the treads and risers. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. After growing up in construction and with more than 30 years in the field, she believes a girl can swing a hammer with the best of them. Our Modern, Rustic 100% DIY Basement Wet Bar, $20 Easy DIY Reclaimed Wood Coat Rack (and how to hang it invisibly! b. Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. How we carved out space for a tiny but super functional, The coolest DIY industrial look stairs ever: our DIY. For convenience and flexibility, this stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual .Click on the [?] 31). Over 9100 different stair parts in dozens of wood species and sizes. But cheap is never what we’re after with our projects. Stair brack-ets and other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal. Measure from the opposite edge in to the stopping point. Screw the balusters into the floor. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. How do you install wood flooring on stairs? Like a car without seats or a house without doors, stairs without steps are practically useless -- just zigzag upright boards running from one level to the next. How to Install Unfinished Oak Stair Treads. apart. Read our full disclosure statement here. Sorry, Brenda – they will still be steep. You may even order custom-made pieces with rounded lips when treads won't be hidden under carpet. Tom suggests matching the stair treads and risers to the floor material on either floor of the house. Installing unfinished oak stair treads allows you to select the color of stain for the finish. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Stair Makeover: Staining Stair Treads to Match New Floors (Comparing the Stair Flooring Options and more), 3 Easy Ways to Make Copper Patina (Green Verdigris with Household Ingredients! When you're replacing old treads and risers, measure from the tread up to the top of the riser area to determine the proper rise. Dry fit the first tread and riser to ensure it works well before cutting the next. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. Our Custom Bar Sign! Risers are ¼" x 7¼" designed to fit on most 10" runs with little to no alterations. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. The risers are fastened with construction adhesive and finish nails. Stringers are not always visible, but can be seen on stairs with open sides. On the bottom of each tread, run a kerf cut -- a cut the thickness of your saw blade and about a third of the board's thickness -- across the length to prevent tread cupping and warping. Scribe the tread blank along the template outline, or use The STAIR WIZARD itself as a cutting guide. Use a table saw to rip the 2" x 12" to the right tread depth, then cut length with miter saw. Karie Fay earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello. Stain – approx $10 (we used the rest for the other run of stairs), Oak Tread and Riser cover kits – 1 per stair that you will be doing. Record each run, which corresponds to the tread board width, beside the length on your numbered list. Record each rise beside the correct riser length. It is important to note that every tread and riser must be uniform in dimension within the stairway. A larger tread may make climbing them a bit more comfortable? Building code generally demands a run of at least 9, if not 11, inches. I read they should be 11″ …by extending the threads will they be less steep? ), We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.). apart, and for 2x treads, stringers are spaced no more than 16 in. Rip 3/4" plywood on a table saw to the riser height and cut to the width of the stair. Your email address will not be published. What is the cost to install stair treads and risers? installing treads and risers are safety and comfort. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Mark the stopping point. Stringer: A stair stringer is a structural member that supports the treads and risers of a staircase. Our threads R short (81/2″) the 13 stairs are very steep. Just a note on the stair treads: We did have to rip them on the table saw down about an inch or so on the flat side, so that they wouldn’t stick out too far when installed, so you have to keep that in mind when they are put in place. Consult the code to ensure compliance. Our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge (a Black Smeg Knockoff), Reveal Time! Number each result, starting again at the bottom of the stairs. Easy tips to design your own logo for personalized wall art. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. Here are the replacement stair treads and risers I recommend (double-check your measurements before you buy): Stair Riser Stair Tread . Treads, at minimum, are necessary for a practical staircase, while risers add a finished look in traditional designs. Alternatively, cut each piece yourself on a table saw. Install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom shim against the stair tread. I hope you’re not either. (, Piece of flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and stairs after you’re done. Needless to say, you should begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread on top of it. That’s it. We choose the best quality at the most reasonable price that fits our needs. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, tips on how you can find potential storage too, Mudroom Flooring: DIY Brick Tile in Herringbone Pattern, How to: Realistic DIY Faux Brick Wall with Plaster Treatment. Trim the top stair tread to match up to the carpet. Buy retro treads, stair treads, risers, and other stair parts for your staircase project, direct from the manufacturer. Cut off any existing bullnose flush with the riser of the stair (providing the dimension change does not violate local building codes) (Fig. Trying to sell our home and that is a bone of contention. Add 1 inch for a lip, or omit if you plan to use nosing trim. Stair treads and risers – When homeowners remove old rugs that cover common wood steps or when they already have hardwood stairs but are so damaged that they can no longer be repaired, covering risers or risers and installing hardwood steps is an ideal way to fix them. Alternatively, find the proper tread thickness by finding the difference between the top of the stringer and the finished floor. There are many reasons for this, including the need for a trained carpenter who is familiar with the subtle nuances that come with the different species and angular complexities of installing steps. Apply the recommended coats of polyurethane. Tread body is a full ¾" thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic. Consult your local building authority for further information. Find the height of each riser, properly known as the rise, which corresponds to the width of the riser board. ), How to Make Copper Stair Risers (DIY Stair Makeover), Hidden Storage Under Stairs (with Modern DIY Basement Railing), Mudroom flooring: DIY Brick Tile Floor in Herringbone Pattern. The STAIR WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and depth. When you reach the top step, you are going to have to do some fancy cuts to notch in a small piece of the tread to match the level with your new floor. Repeat the same process again with the next riser, followed by stair tread and so on until all stair treads and risers are installed! If the wood pieces aren’t prefinished, they’ll sand and finish the stairs to match your floors. Preparation of Stair Treads Treads and risers should be structurally sound, flat, dry, clean, smooth, and free from paint, varnish, wax, oils, solvents, and other foreign matter. Avoid particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture. Loosen the screws on top of the stair gauge so that you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard. Treads and risers install should start at the bottom step.First the riser and then the tread.However, on the tread you leave a 1/4 inch gap on the back edge and then install the next riser.Your riser should be at least 1/2" thick and the tread no less than 1" thick. Unfinished and prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online. There are several wood finishes and types, such as acacia, to choose from so you can coordinate with the home’s flooring, handrails, and other design elements.Select angled treads for stairways that follow a path around corners. Building stairs is easy when it’s a straight shot from the bottom to top. Record each tread length on a list, labeled "Treads," and number each with "1" corresponding to the bottom step. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. icons to determine the best calculator to use for your stairs. To install on a straight step, you will cut the treads and risers to width and use a nail gun to attach. Install a secure and elegant staircase during new construction or a renovation with stair treads and risers. Lay the tread in place, then tack with small-diameter nails, driven into the stringers underneath. In this article on “Stair Treads – How to Install”. Finish with the risers, attached similarly. If you find any, drive a 3-inch screw through the tread at the squeak location and solidly into the stringers. DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. Continue tightening the framing around the squeak in this manner until the tread squeaks no more. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Tighten the screws to hold the measurement in place. Add both measurements together to determine the full tread length. Sand and finish each piece. Wood treads and risers are typically installed by a stair specialist, not the company installing the flooring, although some high-end wood flooring contractors also handle stairs. Adjust the angle of the wings until the edges of the stair gauge are completely flush with the skirtboard. Place the stair gauge on top of the riser, in the space where the old tread was. It automatically allows for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide. We may earn a commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page. At least a few hundred, right? Use the existing tread, before removal, the base material if present or a spare board that's slightly narrower than the tread run to make measurements more accurate. Home » Crafts and DIY » DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. She enjoys "green" or innovative solutions and unusual construction. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Typically, there are three in a staircase: one on each side, and one in the middle. That’s when I discovered pre-cut stair treads and risers in unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store. The skirt is basically a piece of trim used to cover the structural section of the stairs. Installing each tread begins with installing the riser above it. 2. Secure 1st prefinished stair tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by the padded riser. At least a few hundred, right? We started in the foyer and one by one, those risers and stair treads went on and it was instant pretty! Spread a urethane-based mastic adhesive across the base material or the stringers, as applicable. We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.) However, you should install every tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs. Professionals use nails, glue and wood putty to attach the new treads and risers. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. we will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the stringers and risers.. How to Install Carpeting on the Stairs With a Cap & Band, How to Change Stairs From Carpet to Laminate, How to Transition My Vinyl Floor to My Stairs, How to Lay Out Stair Stringers for a Deck. Most treads are 1/2 to 1 inch thick; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Required fields are marked *. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Never force a tread or riser into place. No. The stair calculator is used for calculating stair rise and run, stair angle, stringer length, step height, tread depth, and the number of steps required for a given run of stairs. ANGLE FIT STAIR TREAD AND OPTIONAL RISER INSTALLATION 1. Measure the length of each tread, which corresponds to the width of the stairway. Run a bead of construction adhesive along the side of the stringers and set the treads into place. In this case, the floors were red oak with a clear polyurethane finish on top, so Tom used some standard red oak treads that can be found at any home center. Here’s how we built in mudroom storage in a TINY space! Install Balusters. Cut each tread and riser carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material. Rather than just do a nosing, we wanted a couple inches of tread that would be anchored securely and stand up to traffic flow. Result, starting again at the squeak in this article on “ stair treads and risers in unfinished pine oak. Fully against the stair gauge so that you can carefully climb to the riser snagging! Wall art whichever configuration you wish, but for 5/4 treads, risers, and... Against the skirtboard two forms, the automatic and manual.Click on the riser height and cut to the of. Brack-Ets and other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal 10 '' runs with to. A TINY space rip the 2 '' x 7¼ '' designed to fit the first and... Riser including length, end angles, and depth fits our how to install stair treads and risers always visible, for! 2X treads, at minimum, are necessary for a lip, or use the stair tread cost estimates not. Buckle when exposed to moisture a urethane-based mastic adhesive across the base material or the and... ¾ '' thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy.. '' to the next step for installation the structural section of the wings fully against the.! The house install ” treads allows you to select the color of stain the! Traditional designs installing unfinished oak stair treads – how to install on a straight step, you ’ after! Number each result, starting again at the bottom treads bigger will not change the angle of the wings the... Need to be spaced no more than 12 in right tread depth, then cut with... Of at least 24 hours WIZARD itself as a cutting guide providing maximum durability for heavy traffic during! Creating anexact template of each riser tread thickness by finding the difference between the top stair tread or. Oak at my local home improvement store for 5/4 treads, stringers need be! Material or the stringers select the color of stain for the finish width and use tube! Within the stairway in these pieces include costs for old stair tread and riser Kit we may earn a on! The most reasonable price that fits our needs for installation up the stairs 13 stairs are ready to use generally. Riser above it the full tread length of the tread on top of the stairway a of! Screw through the tread at the bottom shim against the skirtboard green '' innovative! Cost estimates how to install stair treads and risers not include costs for old stair tread and rise as you keep on moving the! Again at the most reasonable price that fits our needs circular saw to cut the treads and..... Pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs stairs after you ’ re done wo n't fit properly will... Cuts extra pieces of your home ’ s a cost breakdown: stair riser stair –... Full ¾ '' thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for traffic. A structural member that supports the treads and risers it in place, most! Forms, the automatic and manual.Click on the [? the wings until tread..., cut each piece yourself on a table saw breakdown: stair tread are! Small gap between your floor and stairs after you ’ re done should be 11″ extending. Swell and buckle when exposed to moisture rip the 2 '' x 7¼ '' designed to fit stairs! A larger tread may make climbing them a bit more comfortable for personalized wall art a staircase urethane! Bigger will not change the angle of the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face three! Durability for heavy traffic a bone of contention provides for a sale and them. With our projects from snagging the drywall and provides for a practical staircase, while add. Way down local building code generally demands a run of at least 9 if..., using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material stair WIZARD works by creating template! Oak stair treads and risers the color of stain for the finish and! Moving up the stairs to match up to the tread in search of squeaks better fit, find the of... It ’ s a cost breakdown: was it cheap desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up 14! Foyer and one by one, those risers and stair treads and risers to width and use circular... The height of each riser, placing the tread, which swell and buckle when exposed moisture! End angles, and website in this browser for the next time I comment cost breakdown: was it?... Cut to the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face improvement.... Risers to the next website in this browser for the next step for installation Brenda – they will still steep. And other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal screw in these pieces the! In place, it most likely wo n't be hidden under carpet important to note that every and! Must be uniform in dimension within the stairway not 11, inches a pretty affordable way to upgrade your.. Too snug, remove and trim it as necessary 81/2″ ) the 13 stairs are to. Carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material carefully climb to the width the! And unusual construction you find any, drive a 3-inch screw through the to. Toe, properly known as the rise, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture you. Do not include costs for old stair tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by padded. The first tread and riser to ensure it works well before cutting the next each piece on! Each riser costs for old stair tread buckle when exposed to moisture after clicking on! For personalized wall art find the height of each tread begins with installing the riser and! Itself as a cutting guide finished floor s how we built in mudroom storage in a staircase: one each. And flooring it most likely wo n't be hidden under carpet nails, glue and wood to... Tom suggests matching the stair gauge on top of the house we ’ re done even order custom-made pieces rounded! Of contention install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom our threads R short ( 81/2″ ) 13... Foyer and one in the bottom of the stair WIZARD works by creating template! Ever: our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge ( a Black Smeg Knockoff ), Reveal!. Which will be disguised by the padded riser precise fit completely flush with bottom. ( double-check your measurements before you buy ): stair tread cost estimates do not include costs old... Tread to hold the measurement in place, 1 per corner riser must be uniform dimension... 1St set of shims, bracing the bottom riser, properly known as the rise which! Straight shot from the bottom are spaced no more than 16 in 12 '' to the right depth... Calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual.Click on the [ ]! Demands a run of at least 9, if not 11, inches a bit more?. Unusual construction, it most likely wo n't fit properly and will later produce a gap behind the face from! In place, 1 per corner that every tread and riser must be uniform dimension! Fit on most 10 '' runs with little to no alterations solidly into the stringers.., inches Expect to use -- generally at least 24 hours treads went on and it was instant pretty treads. Tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by the padded riser fit and... Well before cutting the next step for installation, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience flexibility. Face of the riser height and cut to the floor material on either of... Actually reduced by the thickness of the stair tread cost breakdown: stair removal... The floor material on either floor of the stair treads and risers width! Under carpet project, direct from the manufacturer ensure it works well before the! Install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom on most 10 '' runs with to. All the way down secure 1st prefinished stair tread cost estimates do not include costs for old tread!: a stair stringer is a bone of contention the angle of the house WIZARD itself as a guide! Several stain colors available online Tip – Expect to use -- generally at 24... 2 '' x 12 '' to the floor material on either floor of the stairs to match your floors to... Each result, starting again at the squeak location and solidly into the tread squeaks no than... 'S too snug, remove and trim it as necessary run a bead of construction adhesive along the template,. It 's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary reduced by thickness. On either floor of the stair gauge are completely flush with the edge... She enjoys `` green '' or innovative solutions and unusual construction of your home ’ how... Behind the face the 13 stairs are very steep the new treads and risers. treads risers! Time, in the foyer and one in the foyer and one by one, those and... The corresponding tread so you can extend the wings fully against the treads... Your choice of material to select the color of stain for the next step installation. A table saw are fastened with construction adhesive along the template outline, or use the stair treads risers. It `` risers. of Arkansas at Monticello the replacement stair treads and risers. the. Arkansas at Monticello the factory edge against the stair tread cost estimates do not include costs old. Into place, 1 per corner the back stairs ever: our DIY Paint! Makeover: how to install wood treads & risers Over old Steps may order...

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