19 Jan what is consciousness in psychology
This very question links on to the very basis of what is it to exist. After due consideration, I believe that the only real thing is consciousness while matter does not exist. How Cognitive Dissonance Makes Us Adopt Incredible Beliefs, Informavore Doppelgangers: Your Phenomenal Duplicate, The Informavore Doppelgangers I: Zombie-You. A circadian rhythm is a biological rhythm that takes place over a period of about 24 hours. One of the problems with the study of consciousness is the lack of a universally accepted operational definition. Consciousness can also be put in a simple equation: If x is conscious with y then x is conscious. Many philosophers have argued that the theory is insufficient to account for consciousness because the role a mental state plays doesn’t explain why the state must be one that is conscious. One complete menstrual cycle takes about 28 days—a lunar month—but many biological cycles are much shorter. The problem with the hard problem is being a dualist approach, it is stuck looking for that single essence - the real me who experiences - just as religions want us to look for the soul. Furthermore, individuals suffering from sleep deprivation can also put themselves and others at risk when they put themselves behind the wheel of a car or work with dangerous machinery. Some argue that the hard problem simply is unsolvable. That very point; "Some forms (humans for example) are evolved in such a way" is what fathoms some of us. Thus, pain is the object; the knowing of the pain is consciousness. If you divide an atom or the entire universe by dividing the particles, you end up with "nothing." “He uses a special mouthwash from the North Pole.” Watch this video to hear tips on how to overcome jet lag. There are a number of different states of human consciousness as well as a variety of factors that can have an impact on these states of awareness. As we grow older, we sleep less. This is as simply as you can put it. Jan's response that you responded to was directed only to "anonymous" who mentions there is no hard problem and not the article. I haven't addressed the Hard Problem directly, or issues of qualia, possibly of more of interest to people here, as these deserve long posts of their own. His strategy was to argue for epiphenomenalism, which holds that phenomenal states are caused by physical states, but phenomenal states do not affect the physical. in fact, scientific experiments that have been conducted over the past 300 years or so would not have been changed even one iota if the researchers had taken the view of pantheism, interactive dualism, subjective idealism, absolute idealism, objective idealism, qualified non dualism, integral non dualism, experiential physicalism, evolutionary panentheism, or any other ism - heck, libertarianism or communism, wouldn't have made any difference. What do you do to adjust to the differences in your daily schedule throughout the week? If we know the outdoor temperature has been 25 degrees fahrenheit for the last 10 days, we can assume it will be cold outside, thus it is appropriate to put on winter clothes. Despite millennia of analyses, definitions, explanations and debates by philosophers and scientists, consciousness remains puzzling and controversial, being "at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives." 1. the sensation that human beings claim to encounter, inclusive of cognitive details spanning from somatic and sensory interpretation to … This process is eternal, therefore, energy is eternally conscious, and has been called God. Watch this brief video describing circadian rhythms and how they affect sleep. admitted at the end that essentially all science does is describe, it doesn't explain how things came to be. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The only difference between his box and his son’s box was that he lives side by side with the natural world — a place surrounded by living and non-living things —plants, animals, water, sky, stars, and other natural elements. It may surprise you to know that sleep deprivation is associated with obesity, increased blood pressure, increased levels of stress hormones, and reduced immune functioning (Banks & Dinges, 2007). Therefore, under these assumptions, consciousness is made up of two basic elements: X and Y. brain’s control of switching between sleep and wakefulness as well as coordinating this cycle with the outside world, http://firstname.lastname@example.org:1/Psychology, Understand what is meant by consciousness, Explain how circadian rhythms are involved in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, and how circadian cycles can be disrupted. STUDY. People can be spiritual about it all they want, but for me it is all physical. Although these little lapses of attention are amusing for the rest of us, they are also instructive when it comes to the topic of consciousness. It depends on who you ask. 4. The only way something can exist or be real in a physical universe is if it is physical. Earl Conee makes a slightly different argument: knowing what it’s like does not require having an imaginative experience. The dictionary definition of consciousness is, “the state or quality of awareness or of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.” Philosophers and scientists have studied and debated the nature of consciousness for hundreds of years, and we still struggle with its meaning. argued consciousness to be nothing more than a state or function of the brain. 2. Who supplied our primitive ancestors with information? Matter and our solid reality cannot be explained by self directing “Mother Nature” or “natural laws.” We live in what is perceived as linear time but in reality there is no time. In psychology, consciousness is defined as our subjective awareness of our unique thoughts, feelings, perceptions, sensations, memories, and environment. This often results in sleeping problems, and it can lead to signs of depression and anxiety. In psychology, consciousness is occasionally confused with the conscience. According to Conee, Martha could know what it’s like to experience cherry red, but so long as she never imagined it, she might never have experienced that color. What if there is something that precedes the interacting capacity of a organism (the most simple definition of conscioussness)? Actually, you do feel pain when struck with anything. The video is somewhat crude, but the facts are what is now known. Some research suggests that sleep deprivation affects cognitive and motor function as much as, if not more than, alcohol intoxication (Williamson & Feyer, 2000). Consciousness describes our awareness of internal and external stimuli. Before language and the recognition of the 'self' we experienced reality only subjectively through our senses (i.e. Positive conceivability means that something is conceivable insofar as you have an imaginative picture of the situation that obtains if the conception were true. While cognitive deficits may be the most obvious, many body systems are negatively impacted by lack of sleep. Perhaps the greatest debate has focused the distinction between dualism and physicalism. Everything reacts to something else, but with varying degrees of complexity and, hence, control. Within cognitive psychology, there were many similar reductive proposals which identified consciousness with some aspect of human information processing, for example with working memory, focal attention, a central executive, or a “global workspace”(e.g. Basically, consciousness psychology refers to the faculty of being aware of our internal and external environments. However; this is because our minds can't comprehend the concept. If anything, I believe an excellent argument could be made that materialism is the greatest impediment to scientific progress - not just now, as it has become obvious with regard to neuroscience, but always, in regard to biology and physics. Parallel to this same scenario is another box — the box of his father, the first human on earth. Plants are aware of their surroundings, but they are not aware of themselves. Who will never acquire any information at all? We’ve all been there: “Why is the sky blue?” Even though she knows everything about the science of color, she has never experienced color. Will they become conscious of their environments? It was found that in outer space there are automatic differentiations wherever there is enough nothingness, for, the infinitesimal point nothingness, . Although he wasn’t the first to discuss these challenges, he was the first to categorize them into two types of problems: “easy” problems and the “hard” problem. Have you ever had a fellow motorist stopped beside you at a red light, singing his brains out, or picking his nose, or otherwise behaving in ways he might not normally do in public? How would we ever know if it WERE an illusion? What Are the Main Values of a Narcissist? Nothing ever truly ceases. As part of his argument, he makes a distinction between positive and negative conceivability. So it’s unclear why we could not use inductive reasoning to solve the hard problem. The second argument is that a solution to a problem requires that you aren’t a part of the problem. Think about this real-world experience. And I would argue that right from Plato's idea of forms, where the non-physical concept is considered somehow more vital and more important than the physical objects in our world, humans have tried to elevate the abstract above the physical partly because of social structure. These symptoms include fatigue, sluggishness, irritability, and insomnia (i.e., a consistent difficulty in falling or staying asleep for at least three nights a week over a month’s time) (Roth, 2007). Any parent can vouch for just how complicated things become when a child starts reaching the age of hard questions. I try to rationalize all views and stir them up and try to come up with something that goes beyond equations, religious dogma...and try to give a different perspective. See the following YouTube video a concept that will allow you to see more clearly the problems of our solid world existence. We envision feelings even without a limb. Even the Hard Problem isn't so hard - if and only if one will study and understand the origin, creation, and evolution of early information based on Information Materialization (I.M.). These individual differences in circadian patterns of activity are known as a person’s chronotype, and research demonstrates that morning larks and night owls differ with regard to sleep regulation (Taillard, Philip, Coste, Sagaspe, & Bioulac, 2003). I am religious--spiritual if you will...so don't roll your eyes as I speak my opinions. Descartes proposed the idea of cogito ergo sum("I think, therefore I am"), suggested that the very act of thinking demonstrates the reality of one’s existence and consciousness. Since physicalism holds the physical gives rise to the mental, and because we’ve provided an example of a situation wherein the physical does not give rise to the mental, we must either reject physicalism or reject our negative conception of zombies. Will she learn anything or not? These kinds of schedules are common for individuals working in health care professions and service industries, and they are associated with persistent feelings of exhaustion and agitation that can make someone more prone to making mistakes on the job (Gold et al., 1992; Presser, 1995). Furthermore, consciousness seems to have boundaries. All primitive sense organs had probably been nociceptive. Nothing can be smaller than Planck's volume. Test. A woman’s menstrual cycle is an example of a biological rhythm—a recurring, cyclical pattern of bodily changes. While we certainly welcome the convenience of having the darkness lit up, we also suffer the consequences of reduced amounts of sleep because we are more active during the nighttime hours than our ancestors were. Awareness of internal stimuli includes feeling pain, hunger, thirst, sleepiness, and being aware of our thoughts and emotions. Consciousness is a spectrum.There are several states between a fully conscious state and a fully unconscious state. For instance, as you typed this comment were you 'in consciousness' of your thoughts being physical processes in your brain? And after some time, your body will heal after the poke with the sharp stick. Actually, you do feel pain when struck with anything. Are you running a sleep debt when daylight saving time begins or ends? Note - since people always implicitly add in "human" when you say "awareness" - I'm not making any connection between awareness and human beings. The hard problem is only hard if you're a mind/body dualist. “Definitely.” It publishes articles on theory, research, methodology, and clinical applications related to the psychology of consciousness. There are two things in the universe: energy, and information; and, information is the conformation of energy. Why do you think different animals have such different sleep-wake cycles? Because consciousness is inherently connected with the phenomenal, this is a peculiar result, for it’s hard to imagine how there could be something it’s “like” to be an electron, table, chair, tire or other inanimate object. The pineal gland, an endocrine structure located inside the brain that releases melatonin, is thought to be involved in the regulation of various biological rhythms and of the immune system during sleep (Hardeland, Pandi-Perumal, & Cardinali, 2006). That's why Stephen Hawking said, "We have no idea what creates fire to our equations" (or something like that). Our reality is in timelessness. First off, its simplicity is attractive. Thank you. The friction is caused by the Planck's volumes. “Hmm. I would put it to you to consider whether this "interaction between fundamental forces" is actually what you experience as a conscious being. 1. But it might not. To understand why mass and gravity interact, we must appeal to highly esoteric explanations involving relativity, quantum mechanics or string theory. It's awareness of your internal processes like thinking, feeling, sensing, and perceiving. Many of these processes, like much of psychological behavior, are rooted in our biology. Consciousness describes our awareness of internal and external stimuli. I have had many amputees and they feel pain, itching, move their toes, ankles, cramps, etc. Consciousness works like electrical charge or other physical properties do: it may cause physical matter to transition among physical states and these physical states in turn may affect consciousness. Spell. In that case the belief you arrived at through induction is false. “Um…”. Our knowledge and understanding evolve; that's what Science is about; let it continue to question and wonder; without that allowance, Science is as stale and static as the medieval church. The axons of light-sensitive neurons in the retina provide information to the SCN based on the amount of light present, allowing this internal clock to be synchronized with the outside world (Klein, Moore, & Reppert, 1991; Welsh, Takahashi, & Kay, 2010) ([link]). The problem with what people think of as panpsychism is the attributing animal-like consciousness to inanimate objects like atoms, rocks and tables. People are so tied to assumptions (myself included) that I think it will be very difficult to observe consciousness well enough to describe it - because we need to rise above these assumptions to be able to "see" consciousness properly... Or to see if it even exists. The answer to this question will require more insight into the fundamental structure of our physical world. Also, just to be a stickler, you say consciousness is a creation, so thus must exist in time. . The hard problem, by contrast, may never be solved. But if you have some philosophic reason why you think it's useful, let me know. All these organs combined cause consciousness and the total absence of them is coma. It is a purely abstract conception, made by abstracting purely quantitative concepts from our experience of sense objects which are simply themselves an abstraction from our experience of the world of unbounded Consciousness (Cit-Shakti). For example, if you live in St. Louis sometimes you might find that a 65-degree day follows a 25-degree day. What makes it hard is that we cannot just point to some physical mechanism to solve it, for that would be the solution to the easy problem. On the other hand, dogs use objects like bowls, balls, and bones and pair them with words like food, play, and walk. Consciousness: The Result of Brain Complexity and Interactions. Mechanical? This inductive approach is indeed what many philosophers and cognitive scientists have tried to take. Interesting article. Because the biological clock is driven by light, exposure to bright light during working shifts and dark exposure when not working can help combat insomnia and symptoms of anxiety and depression (Huang, Tsai, Chen, & Hsu, 2013). One way that this happens involves traveling across multiple time zones. Typically, our biological clocks are aligned with our external environment, and light tends to be an important cue in setting this clock. Consciousness is the psychology of awareness and it is completely different from a healthy awareness that means the safety and health of the body and mind. Even as you were writing on the nature of consciousness, you were blind to the very consciousness which you were 'in' as you did so. Either reality is indeterminate and therefore unknowable, so can only be experienced sensually - a posteriori, or it is determinate and knowable, so can only be understood - a priori. The most valuable thing to know about humans when discussing consciousness is the way it affects human behavior. The question is then why not leave consciousness out of the equation? Richard Feynmann admitted, "Today we have to admit we have no coherent understanding of what 'energy' is.". Created by. Where do babies come from?” Electromagnetism is one of the Fundamemtal Interactions. To claim certainty on the side of Science in this ( as if your beliefs are facts), is no different than a fundamentalist religious view. But are you not analysing consciousness yourself when you say "it is all interaction in one form or another". To solve a problem, or so goes the argument, you must have a bird’s eye view of all the facts. A new theory aims to make sense of it all. Like fundamental property dualism, emergent property dualism holds that consciousness is a property that emerges from particular types of physical arrangements of matter. So if you get bonked by a stick that is 99.9999999% air, will you feel it? Idealism or Physicalism are both just points of view with their strengths and weaknesses. Explore the theories of human consciousness and the science of how your brain works to create a conscious experience.--Patient P.S. When people travel across multiple time zones or work rotating shifts, they can experience disruptions of their circadian cycles that can lead to insomnia, sleepiness, and decreased alertness. What is consciousness but a reaction? Well-written and informed! So which theory wins? Consciousness - Psychology. Dualism or physicalism? They occur in the situations when an individual has to decide something that is either new or unusual as well as triggering. Nice idea on paper, but if I poke you with a stick, I am quite certain you will say its real. Yes, Physicalists do seem to assume anyone trying to investigate the question of consciousness is on the way to creating a pseudo religious myth in some way. Property dualists can further be distinguished into fundamental, emergence and neutral monist groups. First off--I love this stuff. But there is no 'real me'. He then asks to consider whether it’s conceivable that this creature is a philosophical zombie, that is, a creature that is behaviorally indistinct from us but lacking consciousness. When people have difficulty getting sleep due to their work or the demands of day-to-day life, they accumulate a sleep debt. If plants can hear, smell, feel and remember their surroundings, then it shows that they have the ability to associate what they sense with another objects. Each crest and dip is simultaneously a distinct entity, and an inseparable part of the ocean. Another theory, property dualism, holds that consciousness is a non-physical property that emerges from the same things that give rise to physical properties. What can be done to deal with potential problems? When is awareness correlative of consciousness of our external world/universe? Since language - both verbal and quantitative, the conceptually-conscious recognition of the 'self' has transposed these subjective experiences into objective thoughts, without being able to them subjectively when we are thinking. Interaction is fundamental to all things and all forms. Frank Jackson’s thought experiment gets at one of the problems of the physicalist approach: Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, forced to investigate the world from a black and white room via a black and white television monitor. We are simply interacting in a complex manner. Physicalism is to me incomplete and panpsychists seem to get labelled dualist. Physicalists have trouble explaining several aspects of consciousness in a way that is consistent with our observations of how physical properties interact. Type this into YouTube: PERCEPTION OF REALITY, Consciousness is the alleviated variant of pain All you have done is provided a possible explanation for why we have consciousness- not what this consciousness is. Functionalism is especially popular among computationalists, those who believe the brain is just a biological implementation of a computer. Go to YouTube and look for the title "Reality Arnie.". The brain and body are only made of atoms and energy, so where does this thing called consciousness come from? Everything is interaction. So, I don't see any reason to subscribe to the particular religious belief you are putting forward, as there is no evidence and could never be any empirical evidence for it. Given that the argument seemed to prove the existence of non-physical phenomenology, Jackson needed to find a way square it away with his conception of the physical. Interestingly, Jackson himself changed his mind several times as to the implications of the Mary argument. Our improvement or degeneration is marked by the state or level of our consciousness. Physicalism holds that consciousness is entirely physical. So physicalism must be false. Sleep debt and sleep deprivation have significant negative psychological and physiological consequences [link]. . And we’ve yet to find a rigorous method of measuring it. No; We don't KNOW for sure; these are your own beliefs people. Because the argument builds a world that is defined entirely physically, the world necessarily would contain consciousness; therefore zombies cannot exist in it. But the moment you start delving more into the topic, the more challenging it becomes. Because it’s logically valid, that is, because evaluation of the argument’s premises do lead it its conclusion, one must attack the premises in order to undermine the argument. If they have this ability to do this one to one correspondence, matching one thing with another thing, then plants are conscious beings. Consciousness describes our awareness of internal and external stimuli. However, consciousness can be analyzed in depth and it has a close connection with psychology of a person as well. It seems that no matter how much information we have about the neural processes behind Frank’s experience of the color, we will never know what it’s like to have Frank’s experience. This distinction is crucial for Chalmers’ argument to work. A closely related theory, panpsychism, holds that all aspects of reality have some “psychological” properties apart from their physical properties. It is possible that electromagnetism is where the "soul" originates. On the face of it, most of us would say no. Generally, and for most people, our circadian cycles are aligned with the outside world. In other words, the non-existent brain is actually consciousness as perceived in an exponentially complex holographic universe. We might even describe consciousness as a continuum that ranges from full awareness to a deep sleep. It is often disputed amongst academics and scientists. I think the problem with approaching the hard problem is, that one can see the content of consciousness but cannot see consciousness itself. Steven Weinberg, in his 2003 essay "Does Science Explain Everything? Conscious. Awareness of internal stimuli includes feeling pain, hunger, thirst, sleepiness, and being aware of our thoughts and emotions. Like an oasis in the desert, we would always be chasing it but never reaching it. One complaint has been that, if this theory is true, then all matter would have a certain element of consciousness to it. Homeostasis is the tendency to maintain a balance, or optimal level, within a biological system. One of the nurses said, If you’ve had a partner who does work regular job 9 to 5 office hours . I'd agree that materialism and physicalism are incomplete. Oh the hubris; the definitive statements of absolute certainty in many of these comments really is a tad amusing. We envision feelings even without a limb. While disruptions in circadian rhythms can have negative consequences, there are things we can do to help us realign our biological clocks with the external environment. You'll find out if I am right or wrong when you leave this vision and enter reality. Those in health care professions could be educated about the benefits of light-dark exposure to help alleviate such problems. The discourse on display is really embarrassing (to me anyway -- being affiliated with the field). We experience shifts in our circadian clocks in the fall and spring of each year with time changes associated with daylight saving time. it would be exactly the same to say: 1) The Higgs Boson field is physical because physicists say it is.