pigeon pea botanical name

pigeon pea botanical name

bicolor (DC.) In China, the roots are used as a sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary. They are known by different monikers like toor dal or arhur in Hindi, red gram or thuvarai in India, or thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. The ripened seeds are consumed by roasting. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. The plant yields yellow to red flowers which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter that turns into fruit as seed pods. Green Manure; incorporate the plants as they flower. Pigeon pea 1. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained without salt. KIRAN DASANAL PALB7319 DISTINCTIVENESS, UNIFORMITY AND STABILITY (DUS) Characteristics of PIGEON PEA (Cajanus cajan ) 3. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) The botanical name of Pigeon pea is Cajanus cajan and it belongs to the family Fabaceae. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. Cajanus bicolor DC. Wiki User Answered . The seeds are used as flour dried peas and green vegetable peas. Pigeon pea is produced as a vegetable or export grain crop in southern and eastern Africa. Purseglove, Cajanus cajan var. Asked by Wiki User. Scientific name - Cajanus cajan Chromosome number: 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa Often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group : Cajanus cajan var. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Top Answer. Around 2,000 BC, pigeon pea was developed in East Africa which was then brought to the America. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. have a strong spicy odour. Purseglove, Cajanus indicus var. Read on to learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit from it’s many uses. Synonyms for pigeon pea in Free Thesaurus. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 12 inches apart. The flowers attract bees. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] fr. 1. Can handle some Al. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … Pigeon peas are cultivated (6), To maintain the nutrients, raw is better because 25% of nutrients are lost when cooked. The leaves are trifoliate, alternately arranged, around the stem; leaflets are oblong, lanceolate, up to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, pubescent; green color on top and grayish-green bottom Flowers are yellow, calyx up to 12 mm long and with five linear teeth. And the seeds is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia (especially India), and it is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. It reduces the constipation, cramping, bloating and diarrhea. Cajanus cajan var. (2), Folate is found in adequate amount in pigeon peas which helps to prevent anemia and neural tube defects in unborn which is caused due to the deficiency of folate. In the kitchen, the green peas can be used like standard peas, but have way more vitamin A and C. The way I mostly use it is as a dried pea. In Africa, dried seeds are used in sauces to accompany rice, The immature seeds and pods are consumed fresh or added in soups as. For that reason is is often grown in mixed cropping systems together with other plants such as sorghum, pearl millet and maize. Pigeon Pea. The fresh pods, young shoots and seeds are used as vegetables in sayor, spicy soups and other side-dishes in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Moisture As a crop, pigeon pea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall … These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. Pigeon Pea on the farm. Split pigeon peas or Toor Dal (Cajanus cajan) split-desi chickpea or Chana Dal (Cicer arietinum) and split yellow peas or Matar Dal (Pisum sativum) are commonly referred to as split yellow peas, although they belong to different species in the bean family leguminosae (Fabaceae). Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Facts about Peking Spurge (Da Ji) – Euphorbia pekinensis, Health Benefits of Purplestem beggarticks, White, cream, brown, purplish to black (Seeds), Subglobose - ellipsoid or squarish; Diameter: 5 mm (Seeds), Boost energy, Aids immunity, Healthy heart, Digestive health, Prevent anemia, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). It is also used as an astringent that is used to stop bleeding. Pigeon peas are an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. Those who suffer from hypertensionor should add pigeon peas to the daily diet because they are highly prone to the cardiovascular disease. Description. It is suitable for the people living in arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy quickly. The plants will usually germinate within 10-15 days and pods will appear in 4 months. Windbreaks; suitable as a shelterbelt around vegetable gardens. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Its flavor is pleasant and it contains an average of 18% to 25% protein, reaching as high as 32% protein content. In Central America, seeds of pigeon pea are canned and frozen. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is actually a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. It … Origin: Asia and Africa. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. It is round or oval in white, brown, red, greyish or purplish with a white hylum. Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. Cajanus indicus. In Kenya, pigeon pea is the third most widely grown pulse crop, and it is one of the fastest growing cash crops with an annual growth rate of 3% in the last decade. Pigeon Pea in the kitchen. How Pigeon Pea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The mashed pigeon peas paste is used as a treatment for piles which is known as hemorrhoids. INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Calories 170 Kcal. Alternate Names for Pigeon Pea. "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. The leaves and young shoots can be eaten cooked, they are fibrous and times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. It was domesticated in India 3,500 years ago. Pigeon peas, which have the scientific name of Cajanus cajan, are perennial legumes that belong to the Fabaceae family. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. fr. Each pod contains about nine seeds which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having 5 mm as a diameter. Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. It is an erect, glandular-pubescent, short-lived and perennial shrub. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. What is the scientific name for pigeon pea? The nutrients found in pigeon peas converts into the usable energy than to store as a fat. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. Kuntze, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) Plant description: The pigeon pea is a perennial, legume, erect woody, a common food grain, and grow up to 4 m tall. In Java, the pulped leaves are used as a treatment for herpes, sores and itches. Planting Pigeon Pea Seeds: Pigeon peas can be grown in USDA Zones 9 through 15. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. The plant grows up to 1–2 m high with tetrarch taproots. INTRODUCTION Pigeonpea (red gram, arhar, Tur) is important pulse crop next to chickpea in India. The Botanical Name for this plant is “Cajanus cajan”. (4), Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus Cajan is the botanical name for pigeon pea. Green pigeon pea is being exported from Kenya to Europe (Snapp et al, 2003). All rights reserved. Mulch production; can be cut many times in a season. It is used to eliminate the internal parasitic worms. The serving size of one cup which measures 153 grams provides 43 mg of Vitamin C, 0.536 mg of Vitamin B1, 153 µg of Vitamin B9, 2.4 mg of iron, 0.69 mg of manganese, 181 mg of phosphorus, 29.82 gram of Carbohydrate, 3.294 mg of Vitamin B3 and others. The seeds vary in shape, size and color. (1), Pigeon peas are also loaded with high protein content which is required for the growth and development. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Likewise, its seeds are used in human nutrition as well as for animal feed. 37 38 39. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Calories from Fat 18.72 Kcal. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. Pigeon peas can be frequently pruned for mulch. bicolor. Pigeon pea is a very versatile plant in a sustainable garden because of it’s many uses as food, mulch, green manure, shelter, windbreaks, living trellises, and even firewood. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. The plant leaflets are oblong or elliptical in shape and the leaves are alternate and arranged spirally on the stems. Cajanus bicolor DC. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Today pigeon pea is grown widely throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions. The intake of single cup of pigeon peas provides about 110% of the daily recommended vitamins. The pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long and 0.5–1.7 cm wide. On the farm, pigeon pea is a great fodder plant for animals such as cows, pigs and chickens, and makes a great alley-cropping plant in an orchard situation. illeg. The seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … Besides, it contains fewer amounts of copper, zinc and magnesium. (3), The seeds, leaves and peas of pigeon peas are used to treat inflammation due to the presence of organic compounds. Leaves, flowers, seed pods and seed all make nutritious animal fodder.My chickens love the peas. The name of this plant originated from Barbados, where this crop is an important pigeon feed. The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, family is also known as the legume, pea, or bean family. Preferred Common Name. The seeds are white, cream, brown, purplish to black in color. There are several alternative names for this plant. It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. Hypogeal germination: 7: … Preferred Scientific Name. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dahl. The uncooked peas help to enhance the immune system. Botanical Name:Cajanus cajan syn. Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 Terms & conditions In January Luis Quinones commented on one of my previous pigeon pea posts: “In Puerto Rico mi grandma use to plant in the same hole at the same timeof planting bush beans sweet corn and pigeon peas. Calories from Fat 22.77 Kcal. Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. Cajanus flavus DC. Fiber adds bulk to the stool and enhances the bowel movements by reducing the strain as well as inflammation. The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. In Panamanian folk medicine, it is used as a treatment for diabetes. Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. Pigeon Pea. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. It is also used to cure lungs and chest disease. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Copyright © 2001 - 2021   Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic Gardening E-Newsletter. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae 3. Cape May Plant Materials Center , 2012. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. Hypogeal germination: 7: … Calories 209 Kcal. Few well-known advantages of Pigeon Peas are listed below: Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. The most striking feature about this plant is the color of its flowers, a vivid deep blue; solitary, with light yellow markings. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. Both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by fixing the nitrogen in the soil. Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained with salt. Plus she fertilize one time only. Preferred Scientific Name. (7), Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and low cholesterol which help to maintain the healthy heart. Names. Aside from being a plant that can maintain high concentrations of nitrogen in the soil, its penetrating roots are also used to loosen the soil. How to Plant Pigeon Peas. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. In other parts of Asia, seeds are used to make tempeh or tofu. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. One cup of cooked pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein. In India, the seeds are used as pulses whereas the young pods are used in sambhar. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. In Ayurveda, it is used as volerant that heals wounds and sores. Pigeonpea is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. bicolor (DC.) Animal Fodder; an excellent feed for cattle, pigs and poultry. Split Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) aka Toor Dal Common Names: Toor dal,Togari bele, Congo pea, Angola… Latin Name: Cajanus cajan. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … illeg. Pigeon peas are cultivated The pods can be picked fresh for peas or left on the vine to dry. illeg. Names of Pigeon Pea in various languages of the world are also given. The presence of dietary fiber keeps full for a long period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the possibilities of weight gain. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. Pigeon pea is sensitive to high salinity. Dietary fiber maintains cholesterol balance and prevents atherosclerosis. Vitamin C promotes the white blood cells production and acts as an antioxidant that promotes in overall wellness as well as strong immunity. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. List of various diseases cured by Pigeon Pea. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. “Pigeon Pea” – Origin of the Name. In Nigeria, the leaves are used to treat. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The roots are used to treat throat inflammation, diarrhea and chlorosis. Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: pigeon pea, Angola pea, Congo pea, dhal, no-eye pea, gungo pea, and red gram . flavus (DC.) (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY (8). It provides an adequate amount of iron and selenium. needs free-drainage. In Philippines, a decoction made from leaves is useful for diarrhea, cough and abdominal pains. Preferred Common Name. Young stems are angled and pubescent. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? What are synonyms for pigeon pea? Cajanus indicus Spreng. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. Flowers usually yellow, with purple or red streaks or plain red with oval to round seeds, colours vary from light beige to dark brown. Schinz & Guillaumin. Pigeon pea 2. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. It helps to cure jaundice, cough and bronchitis. The synonyms of species are Cystisus cajan L. Cajanus bicolor DC. Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Every time you prune them (and also when the plant dies) the root nodules release nitrogen that can be used by other plants. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. See Answer. The flattened shape pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India. They are about 4 cm (1.6 in) long by 3 cm (1.2 in) wide. Family: Fabaceae. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan, is a perennial shrub in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible pods and seeds. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Antonyms for pigeon pea. Privacy Policy Leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green color above and silvery underneath. It was grown for thousands of years in India. Alley cropping; provides nitrogen, habitat and soil stabilisation. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. The juice extracted from leaves is helpful for earache and sores. In Malay traditional medicine, leaves decoction helps to treat coughs, abdominal troubles and diarrhea.

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